Currently, there is no proven method to prevent Alzheimer's disease. The health of the body and brain depends upon both lifestyle factors (that are within your control), as well as genetic factors (that are outside of your control). New research reveals that lifestyle factors play a significant role in protecting the brain as people age.
In fact, research reiterates that certain elements of a brain-healthy lifestyle, including, but not limited to, regular exercise and a heart-healthy diet are critical elements for Alzheimer’s prevention.
According to the Alzheimer’s Research & Prevention Foundation, regular physical exercise reduces the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease by 50 percent. In addition, regular exercise can slow deterioration in those who have already started to develop cognitive problems.
Strive for at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise five or more times per week. Walking, swimming, and other activities that elevate the heart rate are good options. And, even routine activities such as gardening, cleaning, or doing laundry can be deemed exercise.
In addition, keep in mind that moderate levels of weight training augment muscle mass and help maintain brain health. In fact, combining aerobics and strength training is much better than either activity alone.
Since falls and the resulting head injuries are more likely as people age, thereby increasing the risk for Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, balance and coordination exercises (such as yoga, Tai Chi, or exercises using balance discs or balance balls) can help with agility and prevent falls. It’s very important to wear properly fitting sports helmets and other equipment to “trip-proof” the exercise environment, and, ideally, prevent falls.
In addition to exercise, adhering to a healthy diet is an important lifestyle factor that can aid in preventing Alzheimer’s disease. A heart- and brain-healthy diet, such as the Mediterranean diet, is rich in fish, nuts, whole grains, olive oil, and abundant fresh produce.