There are always children, adolescents and adults who stand out from the crowd. This doesn’t mean something is mentally wrong with them, but for some people, a neurological disorder may actually be the case.
When people hear the term Asperger’s syndrome, they also often only think of children and even adolescents, but this developmental disorder still affects adults. Some people might not even realize they have Asperger’s until they are adults, since certain people can function in society with this disorder.
The disorder is thought to be genetic and neurobiological in some way, though it’s not for certain. Some general symptoms of Asperger’s disorder are "poor social skills and narrow interests,” according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, a part of the National Institute of Health.
Asperger’s syndrome is considered a pervasive developmental disorder and an autism spectrum disorder, but it is not characterized by “severe delays in language or other cognitive skills characteristic of people with autism,” an abnormal psychology textbook stated.
Non-verbal communication, social interaction, speech and language abnormalities are common, according to NIND. The unusual speech and language aspects are not because of language delay necessarily, but people with Asperger’s generally have a formal vocabulary in a specific area of interest.
They can also appear to have OCD tendencies, since they engage in “repetitive routines or rituals,” according to NIND. Other symptoms are delays in motor skills and awkward coordination, as well as “emotionally inappropriate behavior.”
An about.com article states that adults with Asperger’s can be “painfully shy or they can be extremely outgoing.” This can happen because people with Asperger’s syndrome, “often misinterpret social interaction.”
The fact that some can form relationships may lead to a criticism of the diagnostic criteria, according to one article from USA Today.