One of the most common disorders among children is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
According to the Attention Deficit Disorder Association (ADDA), ʺMany people use the term ADD [attention deficit disorder] as a generic term for all types of ADHD. Whether we call it ADD or ADHD, however, we are all basically referring to the same thing.ʺ
The ADDA also stated, ʺthe official clinical diagnosis is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD. In turn, ADHD is broken down into three different subtypes: Combined Type, Predominantly Inattentive Type, and Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type.ʺ
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) stated more than 5.2 million children between 3-17 years of age have been diagnosed with ADHD.
The CDC’s website stated, ʺChildren with ADHD have trouble paying attention, controlling impulsive behaviors (may act without thinking about what the result will be), and in some cases, are overly active.ʺ
Here are the definitions of ADHD types, according to the CDC:
• ADHD Combined Type. Symptoms of the two types (see below) are equally present in the person.
• ADHD Predominantly Inattentive Type. It is hard for the individual to organize or finish a task, to pay attention to details, or to follow instructions or conversations. The person is easily distracted or forgets details of daily routines.
• ADHD Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type. The person fidgets and talks a lot. It is hard to sit still for long (e.g., for a meal or while doing homework). Smaller children may run, jump or climb constantly. The individual feels restless and has trouble with impulsivity.
Someone who is impulsive may interrupt others a lot, grab things from people, or speak at inappropriate times. It is hard for the person to wait their turn or listen to directions. A person with impulsiveness may have more accidents and injuries than others.
The exact cause of ADHD is unknown. However, some researchers believe your genes may play a role. The ADDA stated, ʺADHD is NOT caused by poor parenting, family problems, poor teachers or schools, too much TV, food allergies, or excess sugar.ʺ