Hide This

FREEHER HealthToolkit

HER Health Toolkit

Sign up for EmpowHER updates and you'll receive our
FREE HER Health Toolkit

Bipolar Disorder

Get Email Updates

Bipolar Disorder Guide

Alison Beaver

Have a question? We're here to help. Ask the Community.

ASK

Health Newsletter

Receive the latest and greatest in women's health and wellness from EmpowHER - for free!

Identifying Bipolar Disorder Before Clinical Signs: New Research

By Elizabeth Stannard Gromisch HERWriter
 
Rate This
Identifying Bipolar Disorder Before Clinical Signs: New Research 0 5
new research to identify bipolar disorder prior to clinical signs
Auremar/PhotoSpin

In the United States, about 3.9 percent of the adult population has a lifetime prevalence of bipolar disorder, according to the National Institute of Mental Health.

Individuals with bipolar disorder, also called manic depressive disorder, have periods of unusually high mood (mania) and low mood (depression).

Symptoms of mania include an overly-happy mood or an irritable mood, restlessness, talking very fast, and participating in high-risk behaviors. Individuals who are manic may be easily distracted, sleep little, and have unrealistic beliefs about their abilities.

Symptoms of depression include a loss of interest in activities, low mood, trouble concentrating, and feeling tired. Individuals who are depressed may have thoughts of suicide or attempt suicide.

There are several types of bipolar disorder.

The first is bipolar I disorder, in which the individual has manic or mixed (manic and depressive symptoms occurring together) symptoms that occur for seven or more days, or has severe enough symptoms that require hospitalization.

Individuals with this type of bipolar disorder also have symptoms of depression.

With bipolar II disorder, patients do not have full mania. Instead, they experience hypomania, which is an elevated mood that is not as extreme as mania.

Individuals with bipolar II disorder also have symptoms of depression.

Individuals may be diagnosed with cyclothymia, in which they have symptoms of hypomania and mild depression.

If an individual is diagnosed with bipolar disorder NOS (not otherwise specified), she has symptoms of bipolar disorder, but she does not meet full criteria for bipolar I disorder or bipolar II disorder.

The National Institute of Mental Health noted that bipolar disorder NOS may be diagnosed if the duration of symptoms is not long enough or the individual has fewer symptoms than needed to meet full criteria.

To diagnose either bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, cyclothymia or bipolar disorder NOS, the individual needs to present with certain symptoms.

Add a CommentComments

There are no comments yet. Be the first one and get the conversation started!

Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.
By submitting this form, you agree to EmpowHER's terms of service and privacy policy

We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight.

Improved

1679 Health

Changed

630 Lives

Saved

479 Lives
3 lives impacted in the last 24 hrs Learn More

Take Our Featured Health Poll

Do your teens have their own cellphones?:
View Results