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Adult Survivors of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

By HERWriter
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What is Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia?

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia or BPD is used to describe abnormal development or growth (dysplasia) of lung tissue and structures. It usually affects pre-term infants and full-term infants who experience respiratory issues after birth. Symptoms of BPD appear within the first month after birth. Generally, "babies who are still dependent on a respirator for oxygen at 28 days of age and whose chest x-rays are typical of BPD are considered to have the disorder" (www.doereport.com).

BPD, along with cystic fibrosis and asthma, ranks as one of the most common chronic lung conditions to affect infants in the United States. "Approximately 5,000 to 10,000 new cases of BPD (20 to 30 percent of infants surviving respiratory distress syndrome) occur each year" (www.doereport.com). About 4000 of those patients survive infancy.

The risk of BPD increases with the decrease in gestation period. In fact, 90 percent of infants who develop BPD weigh less than 3.5 pounds.

BPD Adults

When the condition was first identified in 1967, many babies born prematurely who developed BPD, did not survive. As treatment for pre-term babies and BPD have improved, therefore increasing chances of living into adulthood, which has led doctors and scientists to wonder if these patients continue to have lung problems when they grow up, and if so, what kind.

According to a report in the December 27, 1990 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, "investigators showed that respiratory abnormalities may be found in a majority of patients who had bronchopulmonary dysplasia in infancy. However, in many patients these abnormalities were asymptomatic..." (www.faqs.org/abstracts/Health/).

The American Journal of Roentgenology published a report in 2000 about the high-resolution CT findings of three medical institutions - Vancouver Hospital & Health Sciences Centre, University of British Columbia, Canada; Lucile Salter Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California; and, Royal Bromptom National Heart and Lung Hospital, London, England.

Add a Comment4 Comments

EmpowHER Guest

i would like to now the out look with thid disese i was one of the forst premies to suvive in 1978, i now have copd stahe 4 lung disese and bpd with never went way would love to no more about prognosis and chances for traspant.

September 23, 2014 - 3:20pm
HERWriter (reply to Anonymous)

Thank you for your comment.

Unfortunately, I'm not qualified to provide you that information. Only your doctor can answer those questions for you.

September 24, 2014 - 7:53am
EmpowHER Guest

I had this condition when I was born and I still have to use A nebulizer everyday to be able to open my lungs to be able to breathe but other than that i am ok

April 27, 2013 - 6:32pm
HERWriter (reply to Anonymous)

Thank you for sharing your story!

April 28, 2013 - 7:05am
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We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight.

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