However, with so many treatments overlapping, it was impossible to know how effective each one was.
Steinman died on September 30, 2011, from respiratory failure due to pneumonia. According to a Reuters report by Patrick Lannin and Mia Shanley, the Nobel Prize rules allow awards only to living scientists. However, the committee decided that Steinman will remain a winner because they made the decision in good faith that he was alive.
Therapy for pancreatic cancer, including immune therapy and chemotherapy, remains an active area of research. I found 1190 clinical trials currently (Dec. 21, 2011) listed on the registry http://clinicaltrials.gov/
1. Scientific American. How Ralph Steinman Raced to Develop a Cancer Vaccine – And Save His Life. Katherine Harmon. Web. Dec. 21, 2011.
2. Mayo Clinic. Pancreatic Cancer. Web. Dec. 21, 2011.
3. Cancer kills Nobel physician before he hears of prize. Reuters. Patrick Lannin and Mia Shanley. Web. Dec. 26, 2011.
Reviewed December 28, 2011
by Michele Blacksberg RN
Edited by Jody Smith