In a study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), one in 303 children has cerebral palsy, a condition that results from damage to the child's brain. The time frame for this neurological damage ranges from being in the womb to age 2. Several types of cerebral palsy exist, which result in different symptoms. For example, while a patient with spastic cerebral palsy has stiff muscles, a patient with dyskinetic cerebral palsy has muscle tone fluctuations. Cerebral palsy can also affect speech and learning, with some patients needing educational support such as classroom modifications.
In addition to the symptoms of cerebral palsy, patients may also have other conditions. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) explained that since cerebral palsy affects the brain and several bodily functions, patients can suffer from co-morbid conditions. For example, cerebral palsy patients may suffer from seizures, which results from abnormal electrical activity in the patient's brain. While there are several types of seizures, cerebral palsy patients can experience tonic-clonic seizures or partial seizures; the NINDS noted that about 50 percent of children with cerebral palsy have these types of seizures.
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