With the warmer weather, you may be noticing that you are sneezing and have a runny nose. But are your symptoms the result of a cold or a seasonal allergy?
Signs of a Common Cold
The common cold is likely the most common condition people know of, according to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. It causes 22 million lost school days every year. A cold can last from three days to 14 days, with symptoms beginning about two to three days after viral contact.
Several symptoms can occur with a common cold. For example, a cough, sore throat, stuffy nose and runny nose are common symptoms, according to MedlinePlus. Some individuals may have sneezing and weakness.
Individuals with a common cold may have slight pains and aches when ill. A fever is rare with a common cold, though MedlinePlus noted that young children may have a fever ranging from 100 to 102 degrees Fahrenheit.
Signs of a Seasonal Allergy
About 40 million individuals in the United States have an indoor (such as dust) or outdoor (such as pollen) allergy, according to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. The symptoms result from the immune system “fighting” the allergen, causing an inflammation response. The symptoms of a seasonal allergy can last for weeks. It depends on the season for the particular allergen.
As with a common cold, a runny or stuffy nose is a common symptom for seasonal allergies. Unlike cold sufferers, allergy sufferers commonly get itchy eyes. Sneezing usually occurs. Sometimes, individuals can have a cough, weakness and sore throat. General aches and pains and fever never occur with allergies, according to MedlinePlus.
Differences in Treatment
Some of the treatments for these two conditions are the same. For example, MedlinePlus listed antihistamines and decongestants as possible treatments for a common cold and seasonal allergy. Individuals with a cold may benefit from nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines.