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Blood in Urine Guide

Maryann Gromisch RN Guide

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ask: 7 year old daughter has blood in her urine is this an infection?

By Anonymous
 
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Susan Cody HERWriter Guide

Hi Anon!

Thanks for your question and thanks for looking out for your daughter!

Blood in the urine (called Hematuria) has many reasons. Our Encyclopedia has some great information about hematuria.

It states that "In some cases, the cause of hematuria is never found. The list of known causes is lengthy, some more common causes include:

◦Injury to the abdomen, pelvis, or internal organs of the urinary tract
◦Vigorous exercise (resolves with rest)
◦Urinary tract infection
◦Cancer of the prostate , kidney , or bladder
◦Kidney disease
◦Kidney stones
◦Bleeding disorders (eg, hemophilia )
◦Certain congenital diseases (eg, polycystic kidneys )
◦Certain medications

Hematuria itself does not cause symptoms. However, it is often a sign of an underlying condition, which may cause symptoms. For example, kidney stones cause severe pain in the flank, abdomen, or groin and can result in hematuria.

DiagnosisYour doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam. You may be referred to a doctor who specializes in kidney disease (nephrologist) or the urinary system (urologist).

Tests may include:

◦Urine tests—tests to confirm the presence of blood and look for protein, bacteria, or cancer cells in the urine
◦Blood tests—tests to check how well the kidneys are functioning and to look for medical conditions that cause hematuria
◦X-ray —performed with contrast material injected into a vein to look at the function and structure of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder
◦Ultrasound —a test that uses sound waves to create images of the kidneys and urinary tract
◦CT scan —a type of x-ray that uses a computer to create images of the kidneys and urinary tract
◦MRI scan —a test that uses powerful magnets and radio waves to create images of the kidneys and urinary tract
◦Cystoscopy —a thin tube inserted through the urethra and into the bladder to look at its lining

TreatmentTreatment will depend on the underlying cause of hematuria. Some causes of hematuria are benign and require no treatment (exercise-induced) or will resolve on their own (passage of a kidney stone). Other causes will respond to medication. For example, successfully treating a urinary tract infection with antibiotics will stop the hematuria.

You can read more on our Blood in Urine page here :
http://www.empowher.com/media/reference/hematuria#definition

Does your family have a history of kidney problems, that you know of?

Does your daughter complain of pain when she pees?

I would suggest that you take her to the doctor right away. We can't tell you what might be the cause, of course, but if it's a urinary tract infection and it remains untreated, it can be very painful and lead to a kidney infection which is more serious.

Will you take her to her doctor and let us know the outcome? We look forward to hearing more from you!

February 6, 2010 - 5:25am
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