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Is it true that most osteoporosis-related fractures occur outside the spine?

By Anonymous June 22, 2009 - 11:29am
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HERWriter Guide

Hi Anon

Thanks for your question - it's a great one!

With women, specifically, the most common breakage or fractures due to osteoporosis is in the hip, wrist and spine area.

We have a wonderful section on this in our Encyclopedia - here is an excerpt that can help you:
Throughout life, old bone is removed and new bone is added to the skeleton. During childhood and adolescence, new bone is added faster than old bone is removed. As a result, bones become heavier, larger, and denser. Peak bone mass is reached at around age 30. From that point, more bone is lost than replaced. If not treated, bone losses may lead to osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is more likely to occur if full bone mass was not achieved during the bone-building years.

Bone density also plays a role in bone health. Bone density is determined by the amount of calcium, phosphorus, and other minerals within the bone framework. As the mineral content of a bone (especially calcium) decreases, the bone weakens. Getting enough calcium and vitamin D and exercising regularly can keep bones strong throughout life.

Risk FactorsA risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition. Risk factors include:

◦Sex: female
◦Age: risk increases with age
◦Body size: small, underweight women
◦Race: Caucasian, Asian, and Hispanic women
◦Family members with osteoporosis
◦Postmenopausal status
◦No menstrual periods (amenorrhea)
◦Low-calcium diet
■Immunosuppressants, such as prednisone and other steroids, methotrexate, cyclosporine
■Thyroid drugs
■Aluminum-containing antacids
■Cholesterol-lowering drugs
■Long-term heparin therapy
■Antidepressants including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI)
■Inhaled steroids
◦Low estrogen levels in women
◦Low testosterone levels in men
◦Inactive lifestyle
◦Too little sunlight
◦Cigarette smoking
◦Excessive use of alcohol, coffee, and tea
◦Diseases including:
■Liver disease, including cirrhosis
■Marfan's, Ehler-Danlos, and osteogenesis imperfecta syndromes
■Cushing's syndrome
■Cancer, including lymphoma and multiple myeloma
■Gastrointestinal disorders, including celiac disease and other malabsorptive disorders
■Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (particularly men)
■Inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis and lupus

SymptomsSymptoms include:

◦Pain when bones break or collapse
◦Severe back pain with fracture of the vertebrae, wrists, hips, or other bones
◦Loss of height with stooped posture (kyphosis)

For more info, click to our page here : http://www.empowher.com/media/reference/osteoporosis#causes

Are osteoporosis-related fractures or breaks a concern for you or someone you know?

June 22, 2009 - 12:41pm
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