Many women have seen patchy brown, tan and facial skin discoloration on their upper lips, cheeks, chin and forehead during their reproduction years. The skin discoloration is caused by external factor as sun exposure and internal factor like hormonal changes during pregnancy. People with dark skin are more prone to have melasma, so they can use the skin lighteners to reverse this condition.
What are the causes for melasma?
According to experts the dark patches in melasma are triggered due to several factors as family history of melasma, pregnancy, HRT, birth control pills, increased melanin production, etc. People with genetic history of melasma and thyroid dysfunction are more susceptible to have such skin problems. Women experience increase in progestrogen and estrogen hormone levels during pregnancy. Also treatment and products which irritates the skin can cause an increase in melanin production which will accelerate the melasma symptoms.
The patches on the skin appear on cheeks, nose, foreheads and it resemble small moles. Some people can have this condition due to allergic reactions from cosmetics or medication. This skin problem can be treated by using fading creams as lighteners or sunscreen application. Let us discuss how to cure melasma.
What are the effective ways to lighten Melasma?
It can be treated using facial peels and laser surgery but the patches will not resolve instantly. You should consult your dermatologist as these procedures may cause irritation and darkening of skin. You may need to undergo the maintenance treatment for preventing the return of this condition.
Simple home remedies ensure s effectiveness as it does not cause any side effects and helps to reduce the melasma naturally. It facilitates the healing and renews the skin by helping the skin look brighter. You can follow some simple tips for reducing the melasma.
- Cut the onion and dip them into vinegar and apply this solution onto the patches. Leave it for 15 minutes and clean it using lukewarm water this will cause the patches to fade away.
- Olive oil helps to smoothen the skin thereby make your skin tone bright.
Hydroquinone is another option for treating melasma and available as topical. It enhances the lightening of the skin and you can get some of these without prescription.
You can use skin lighteners which may be prescribed or over the counter and contains hydroquinone. It has bleaching property and helps in reducing the visibility of melasma. You should read the label carefully with the percentage of hydroquinone used; since excess of it can cause cancer. Also there is caution for using these treatments during pregnancy as it is considered to be unsafe for fetus.
The natural skin brighteners contain all herbal ingredients which help in reducing the dark spots and pigmentation on the skin and make your skin look glowing. It repairs the damaged skin cells by removing the dead cells and promotes the generation of cells.
Always be cautious while choosing a skin brightener as some ingredients can cause post-inflammation; so include a sun protecting lotion in your skin-care regimen. The skin problems can be treated effectively when you choose the brighteners according to your skin type.