It is hard to understand how our body reacts to certain medications, foods, and exercise routines. For diabetics it is especially hard to predict which medications work which way, since more often then not they have to take more than one medication in order to keep the blood sugars under control.
Most people are unaware of the side effects of mixing medications. Although educating patients with prescription medications is done by the pharmacists,most patients could also benefit from getting detailed explanation about the medications they are prescribed and possible side effects by the doctors' offices. Insulin is one such medication if not taken properly could result in adverse affects. Insulin injections and their effects on patients with type1 or type2 diabetes are not discussed to the extent by most doctors, especially if they are not endocrinologists. Most patients rely on their primary care physicians for their diabetic care and management but do not get proper education regarding their insulin intake by them. A one-on-one session about the medications that are prescribed by the doctor could help the patients tremendously at their homes.
Insulin is prescribed for patients who have type 1 diabetes since their pancreas cannot produce it in the body. It is given to patients with type 2 diabetes when they cannot produce enough or even if produced in enough quantities it is not supplied in the right time for controlling blood sugar. Depending on a person's needs, insulin is given in different strengths and forms.
Different kinds of insulin injections are:
1. Short-acting injections that are given before the breakfast in order to control the blood sugars right after the morning meals and also as a result of high levels of fasting blood sugars. Patients who are on this dose have to take their food within 15 minutes after taking the injection. Usually the afternoon meals are recommended to be taken on time in order to avoid hypoglycemia since this kind of insulin is given to control sugars for the short period of time.
2. Bolus doses: are given at lunch or dinner time in order to control peak levels of sugars so as not to go into hyperglycemia.