Quitting smoking is one of the best things you can do for your health. And no one disagrees. But a new Johns Hopkins study explains how, at least in the short term, the weight gain that often accompanies quitting can raise a person’s risk of diabetes.
The higher risk starts to decrease after a couple of years, however, and is reduced to almost nothing after 10 years, the study said.
From CNN Health:
“The study, which was published today in the Annals of Internal Medicine, followed nearly 11,000 middle-aged people without diabetes -- 45 percent of whom were smokers -- over a nine-year period. Compared to those who had never smoked, the people who quit smoking during the study had a 73 percent increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes three years after quitting.
“The increased risk was even more dramatic in the years immediately after quitting.
"Based on our analysis, [it's] probably 80 percent or even 90 percent," says the study's lead author, Hsin-Chieh (Jessica) Yeh, an assistant professor of internal medicine and epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
By contrast, the smokers who continued to light up were only 31 percent more likely than non-smokers to have developed diabetes at the three-year mark. Previous research has shown that smokers are at higher risk of developing diabetes.
From the Baltimore Sun:
“Dr. Kevin Ferentz, a smoking cessation expert and associate professor in the department of family and community medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, said the study confirms what he sees in his practice - about a third of all smokers who quit gain an average of 5 to 8 pounds. It's not because of a slowed metabolism, he said. Quitters often substitute eating for smoking.
“To stop successfully, smokers need nutritional advice and a plan to tackle the triggers that keep them vulnerable to relapse, he said. Ferentz reminds quitters to munch on low-calorie snacks like carrot sticks, celery and sugar-free gum when the cravings hit.
"The key to stopping smoking is preparation, it's not will power," he said. "The analogy that I use is stopping smoking is a test.