Are women putting their health at risk while training and running marathons? According to research, there are no inherent health risks involved with marathon preperation and participation.
However, there are risks for those who train and run marathons primarily to lose weight. According to Elizabeth Loughren, of University of Birmingham, men were more likely to run “to see how high I can place.” Women gave reasons including, “to lose weight or “to improve my mood.” This study tested more than 900 first-time marathon runners, between the ages of 18 and 72.
Health risks develop when women use extreme training methods and lose too much weight. "It is generally not dangerous for women to train for and run in marathons, as long as proper nutrition is maintained and precautions are taken," says Michael Lu, MD, assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the UCLA School of Medicine.
"The greatest potential gynecologic risks of marathon training for women, involve amenorrhea (no periods), osteoporosis, and disordered eating, in what is commonly called the female athlete triad.”
Females have significant medical risks from overtraining (especially athletes). According to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMSD), some female athletes see amenorrhea as a sign of successful training. That is not the case. Missing your period can be a sign of decreased estrogen levels which can lead to osteoporosis.
Girls and women who regularly overtrain or use severe calorie restriction to lose weight are also at risk for many health problems such as bone loss, bulimia or anorexia.
According to NIAMSD, females should look for these warning signs when it comes to exercise and overtraining:
–Missed or irregular menstrual periods.
–Extreme or “unhealthy-looking” thinness.
–Extreme or rapid weight loss.