There can be more to hair loss than simply having it fall out. Autoimmune endocrine conditions that involve hair loss are called polyglandular autoimmune disease, or polyglandular failure syndrome. Hair loss that results from these conditions is called alopecia.
Dr. Theodore Friedman works in his practice with hormone imbalances. He is an expert in the diagnosis and treatment of pituitary disorders and is involved in ongoing research concerning endocrine problems, hormone regulation and pancreatic functions.
(Transcribed from video interview)
So there are two endocrine conditions that are called polyglandular autoimmune disease or polyglandular failure syndromes. They are relatively rare and both are associated with hair loss.
The endocrine autoimmune type of hair loss is called alopecia. You can have alopecia totalis, where you have all your hair lost; alopecia areata where you have sort of partial hair loss or patches of hair loss.
In this case the hair comes out at a much higher rate than your regular type of hair loss, and it can come out in clumps and the patient can instantly, you know rather in a short period of time even go bald which is very disabling.
The two types of autoimmune endocrine conditions are called type 1 and type 2. Type 2 is more common in adults and is an autoimmune thyroid disease such as Hashimoto’s hypothyroidism, or even Graves disease which is hyperthyroidism, that’s one of the conditions.
Also part of the condition of this type 2 autoimmune disease is adrenal insufficiency also called Addison’s disease. Women can have in part of this type 2 condition have diabetes as a sort of a type 1 diabetes where they are not making insulin but it happens at a later age.
They can have ovarian problems and with these other autoimmune endocrine problems they can often get this hair loss which is on autoimmune basis.