Hide This

FREEHER HealthToolkit

HER Health Toolkit

Sign up for EmpowHER updates and you'll receive our
FREE HER Health Toolkit

Heart Disease

Get Email Updates

Heart Disease Guide

Christine Jeffries

Have a question? We're here to help. Ask the Community.

ASK

Health Newsletter

Receive the latest and greatest in women's health and wellness from EmpowHER - for free!

Cardiovascular Disease and Heart Attack Risk: Does Gender Make a Difference?

By Mary Kyle Blogger
 
Rate This
Cardiovascular Disease and Heart Attack Risk: Does Gender Make a Difference? 0 5
Heart Disease related image
Photo: Getty Images

Coronary artery disease, also known as CAD or heart disease, is the leading cause of death in the United States. CAD, which prematurely takes the lives of men and women, is characterized by fatty deposits in the heart arteries and blood vessel walls. This excess build-up results in narrowed or blocked heart arteries, which may lead to heart attack and even death.

The build-up of plaque associated with CAD has long been recognized as a risk factor for the potential of a future heart attack or other cardiac event. According to researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina, women with plaque are at a much greater risk of heart attack or other cardiac events than their male counterparts.

Researchers found their conclusions after examining the CT angiography or CTA results from 480 cardiac patients. A CTA is a test that indicates whether or not there are blockages in the coronary arteries. It can also determine the composition of the plaques, whether or not plaques have calcified, how severe the blockage is and how many blood vessels are segmented with plaques.

Of the 480 patient records analyzed, 65 percent were women. The average patient was 55 years old and all suffered acute chest pain. Patients were followed for 12.8 months. During this time, researchers observed 70 patients who suffered a cardiac event defined as a “major adverse cardiac event.”

These cardiac events included conditions such as heart attack, revascularization surgery to restore or augment blood supply, unstable angina and even death. An additional 17 patients also suffered cardiac events.

After comparing the long-term outcome against the initial CTA scans, researchers discovered that women with plaque were at a much greater risk then men for suffering a major adverse cardiac event. Men fared worse when artery segments contained non-calcified plaques.

Researchers believe that the CTA is an excellent tool that can be used to help determine whether or not a patient will suffer a major coronary event.

Add a CommentComments

There are no comments yet. Be the first one and get the conversation started!

Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.
By submitting this form, you agree to EmpowHER's terms of service and privacy policy

We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Many of our writers are speaking from personal experience, and what's worked for them may not work for you. Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight.

Improved

1668 Health

Changed

622 Lives

Saved

471 Lives
2 lives impacted in the last 24 hrs Learn More

Take Our Featured Health Poll

February is Heart Month. How's your heart? :
View Results