Home dialysis has made it to the Internet. See Reference 1 for a link to the YouTube video. This option is now a major competitor for conventional hemodialysis at a medical center and peritoneal dialysis. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. For both peritoneal and home hemodialysis, the patient has more freedom and responsibility, compared to institutional dialysis.
A recent article in the medical literature reviewed the details of home dialysis. One of the advantages is the opportunity to run the dialysis treatment at night, while the patient is asleep. This offers minimum disruption for the patient's life. In addition, up to 8 hours treatment per 24 hours offers a good approximation to natural kidney function.
Home dialysis is not for everyone, but it can offer a greatly improved quality of life for patients who qualify. Canadian researchers describe eight stages of a successful home hemodialysis program:
Stage 1. Patient recruitment. Ideally, prospective patients should have a chance to communicate with patients who are already on a home hemodialysis program. Prospective patients should also be screened for physical ability to operate the equipment and for mental health. A high school education is not necessary, but the patient must be able to learn the procedures. Vascular access is very important; A-V fistulas or synthetic bridging grafts can be surgically created. The home environment must have adequate water, sewer, electric service, and space. Insurance coverage should be provided for potential water damage from equipment failure.
Stage 2. Patient education and training. Nurses provide an average of one month training for the patient and family members who may be assisting the patient.
Stage 3. Choice and installation of hemodialysis equipment. Several manufacturers offer equipment for home dialysis. A typical patient using nocturnal home dialysis will use 840 liters of water per week. Water treatment systems include reverse osmosis, deionization, and UV sterilization components.
Stage 4. Maintenance. The equipment should be checked once a month.
Stage 5. Fallback support in-hospital or outpatient.