The exact cause of BPH is unknown. It may be related to changes in hormone levels as men age. Eventually, the prostate becomes so enlarged that it puts pressure on the urethra. This causes the urethra to narrow or close completely.
A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease or condition.
The main risk factor for BPH is being over 50 years old. By age 60, 50% of all men will have some sign of BPH.
Narrowing of the urethra caused by growth of the prostate causes the symptoms of BPH. Symptoms usually increase in severity over time.
None of them is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. Research regarding its effectiveness and safety is limited. The results are often conflicting. This may be due to variability of the products and difficulty in conducting these types of studies.
If you are diagnosed with BPH, follow your doctor's
Prostate enlargement occurs naturally with age. There are no specific prevention steps.
Berkow R, et al.
The Merck Manual of Medical Information
. 17th ed. Simon and Schuster, Inc.;2000.
Carson CC. Combination of phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors and alpha-blockers in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia: treatments of lower urinary tract symptoms, erectile dysfunction, or both?
. 2006 Apr;97Suppl 2:39-43;44-5.
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provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a