Chronic neck pain is pain that occurs over a long period of time, usually more than six months. There are many causes for this condition. The pain can range from mild to severe.

Contact your doctor f you have experienced neck pain over a period of time without relief.

Nerve Pain in Neck

Neck pain
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Chronic neck pain can be caused by:

Risk Factors

The causes of chronic neck pain usually are also the risk factors. These factors increase your chance of chronic neck pain. Tell your doctor if you have any of the conditions listed above.


If you have any of these symptoms do not assume it is due to chronic neck pain. These may be caused by other conditions. Tell your doctor if you have any of these:

  • Muscle spasms
  • Muscle aches
  • Numbness down shoulders or arms
  • Tingling
  • Burning pain
  • Sharp pain
  • Dull pain
  • Pain shooting down the arms
  • Loss in range of motion of the neck or arms
  • Shoulder pain

Muscles of the Neck

Neck Muscles
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Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your doctor may refer you to a specialist. Orthopedists specialize in bones and joints. A neurologist or neurosurgeon specializes in the nerves and spinal cord.

Tests may include the following:

  • X-rays —test that uses radiation to form an image; used to look at neck bones
  • MRI scan —test that uses magnetic waves to form an image; used to look at spine and its nerves
  • CT scan —type of x-ray that uses computer to form an image; used to look closely at spine and neck bones
  • Electromyography (EMG)—test that measures how well the nerves and muscles work
  • Myelography —type of x-ray that uses contrast to view the spine and its nerves


Talk with your doctor about the best plan for you. Options include the following:

Physical Therapy

Your doctor may prescribe therapy for your neck pain. A therapist may work on strength exercises and stretching. Some cases may need ultrasound treatment, traction, heat, ice, or other therapy.


  • Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID)—to treat the pain and reduce inflammation
  • Opioid pain medications (morphine-like medications)—to treat moderate or severe pain
  • Certain antidepressant medications—sometimes used for neck pain
  • Antiseizure medications (eg, Gabapentin , Topiramate , etc.)
  • A corticosteroid injection —to treat the pain and reduce inflammation caused by disk disease


Most cases of neck pain are treated medically. In some cases surgery is needed. The type of surgery will depend upon the cause of pain. For example, if you have a herniated disk in your neck, surgery will remove part of the disk .


To help reduce your chance of getting chronic neck pain, take the following steps:

  • Maintain good posture.
  • Take breaks from stationary activities like driving or working at a computer.
  • Sleep on your back or side and use a supportive pillow.
  • Stretch your neck, back, and shoulders as needed.
  • Make sure your desk chair and keyboard are at proper heights.