Chlamydia are bacteria, but they are not capable of surviving on their own. They can only grow inside other living cells, like viruses. Outside of living cells, chlamydia are dormant, like spores. In their dormant form, they can travel from one person or animal to another.
There are several different species of chlamydia. A number of strains within each species are responsible for a variety of diseases in birds, humans, and other mammals. Their most common appearance is as a sexually transmitted genital infection referred to as chlamydia or nongonococcal urethritis (NGU).
Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the US, especially among sexually active teens and young adults. Over a million cases were reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2006.
Another less common STD known as lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)
An eye infection called trachoma or Egyptian ophthalmia that causes millions of cases of blindness in developing nations around the world—This infection is known in developed countries as
Lung, heart, and intestinal infections
Genital chlamydial infections are caused when
is transmitted during oral, vaginal, or anal sex from an infected partner. Other forms of chlamydia can be transmitted by nonsexual contact, such as flies, dirty hands, or other objects, as well as inhalation and childbirth.
British Association for Sexual Health and HIV guideline: 2006 UK national guideline for the management of genital tract infection with chlamydia trachomatis. London, England: British Association for Sexual health and HIV(BASHH); 2006
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a