Conditions InDepth: Social Anxiety Disorder
If you have
You may worry that you will blush or shake in front of other people. You may believe that people are watching you, just waiting for you to make a mistake. Even talking on the phone, signing a check at the store, or using a public restroom can make you afraid. Many people are a little nervous before they meet new people or give a speech. But if you have social anxiety disorder, you worry for weeks before. You may do anything to stay away from the situation.
Social anxiety disorder can be limited to only one type of situation—such as a fear of speaking in formal or informal situations, or eating or drinking in front of others. In its most severe form, you may experience symptoms almost anytime you are around other people.
About 6.8% of the US population ages 18 to 54—approximately 15 million Americans—has social anxiety disorder during the course of a given year. Social anxiety disorder is equally common in men and women. The disorder typically begins in childhood or early adolescence and rarely develops after age 25.
The exact cause of social anxiety disorder is unknown. Possible causes include genetic factors, problems with regulation of chemicals in the brain, an imbalance of neurotransmitters or brain hormones, and past emotional trauma in social situations.
Schneier FR. Clinical practice. Social anxiety disorder. N Engl J Med. 2006;355:1029-1036.
Social anxiety disorder. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated October 2008. Accessed October 30, 2008.
Social phobia (social anxiety disorder). National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/anxiety-disorders/social-phobia-social-anxiety-disorder.shtml . Updated October 2008. Accessed October 30, 2008.
Statistics and facts about anxiety disorders. Anxiety Disorders Association of America website. Available at: http://www.adaa.org/ . Accessed October 30, 2008.
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