• Copper Complexes of Various Amino Acids, Copper Gluconate, Copper Picolinate, Copper Sulfate
• To Balance High
The human body contains only 70 to 80 mg of copper in total, but it's an essential part of many important enzymes. Copper's possible role in treating disease is based on the fact that these enzymes can't do their jobs without it. However, there is little direct evidence that taking extra copper can treat any disease.
The official U.S. recommendations for daily intake of copper are as follows:
Infants 0–6 months, 200 mcg
7–12 months, 220 mcg
Children 1–3 years, 340 mcg
4–8 years, 440 mcg
Males and females 9–13 years, 700 mcg
14–18 years, 890 mcg
19 years and older, 900 mcg
- Pregnant women, 1,000 mcg
- Nursing women, 1,300 mcg
In addition, if you are taking
Oysters, nuts, legumes, whole grains, sweet potatoes, and dark greens are good sources of copper. Drinking water that passes through copper plumbing is a good source of this mineral, and sometimes it may even provide too much.
For the various therapeutic uses described in the next section, copper is often recommended at a high (but still safe) dose of 1 to 3 mg (1,000 to 3,000 mcg) daily.
Copper has been proposed as a treatment for
, based primarily on studies that found benefit using combinations of various trace minerals including copper.
One researcher, L. M. Klevay, has claimed in more than a dozen papers that copper deficiencies increase the risk of high
The following daily doses of copper should not be exceeded:
Children 1 to 3 years, 1,000 mcg
4 to 8 years, 3,000 mcg
9 to 13 years, 5,000 mcg
Males and females 14 to 18 years, 8,000 mcg
19 years and older, 10,000 mcg
- Pregnant or nursing women, 10,000 mcg (8,000 mcg if 18 years old or younger)
Maximum safe dosages of copper for individuals with severe liver or kidney disease have not been determined.
10. Jones AA, DiSilvestro RA, Coleman M, et al. Copper supplementation of adult men: Effects on blood copper enzyme activities and indicators of cardiovascular disease risk. Metabolism . 1997;46:1380–1383.
11. Cashman KD, Baker A, Ginty F, et al. No effect of copper supplementation on biochemical markers of bone metabolism in healthy young adult females despite apparently improved copper status. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2001;55:525–531.
Last reviewed April 2009 by EBSCO CAM Review Board
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