Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage associated with diabetes. It results in damage to the nerves in a person’s feet, legs, eyes, and those controlling bodily functions, such as digestion, blood pressure and heart rate. Diabetic neuropathy can lead to serious complications, including
Quantitative sensory testing—the use of stimuli (eg, vibration) to check for neuropathy
Quantitative sudomotor axon reflex test (QSART)—a test to evaluate the nerve supply of sweat glands
Heart rate tests—to determine how the heart responds to changes
Ultrasound—a test that uses sound waves to view internal organs
—to remove a sample of nerve or skin tissue for examination
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include:
Blood Glucose Management
It is important to regularly monitor blood glucose levels. You can bring them within normal range with meal planning, exercise, and/or medications.
If you have diabetic neuropathy, you will need to take special care of your feet, since the nerves in the feet are the ones most often affected by neuropathy. This care will involve regular visits to a foot doctor and careful cleaning, inspection, moisturizing, and grooming of your feet. In addition, always wearing well-fitting shoes or slippers and thick, soft, seamless socks can help protect your feet from injuries.
Other treatments will depend on your symptoms. Medications can be used to relieve pain, burning, tingling, or numbness. Oftentimes, the medications used to treat these symptoms are the same types of medications used to treat
Modifying your diet and/or taking
or another antibiotic can help with gastrointestinal problems. Taking care when sitting or standing, increasing salt intake, or taking medications can help manage dizziness and weakness. An antibiotic can be prescribed to treat a
urinary tract infection
. Medications can be used to treat erectile dysfunction, and vaginal lubricants are recommended to treat vaginal dryness.
If you are diagnosed with diabetic neuropathy, follow your doctor's
The best way to prevent diabetic neuropathy is to regularly monitor and manage your blood glucose levels. Your doctor can instruct you about how often to check your levels and what the numbers mean.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a