Treatment will depend on the underlying condition that has caused fainting. For example:
Abnormal heart rhythms can be treated with medications or by implanting a
If a medication is causing
, it may need to be changed or discontinued.
or other blood abnormalities should be treated.
If you are diagnosed as having fainted, follow your doctor's
If you feel any warning signs, such as dizziness or lightheadedness, sit or lie down immediately so that you don't get hurt falling during a fainting spell.
In a recent randomized trial involving 223 patients with vasovagal syncope, training to perform certain maneuvers during warning signs of an impending spell reduced the risk of recurrent symptoms. These physical counterpressure maneuvers, designed to rapidly raise blood pressure and increase blood flow to the brain, included:
Crossing the legs while tensing the muscles of the legs, abdomen, and buttocks
Forcefully squeezing a rubber ball or any other available object as hard as possible in the dominant hand
Gripping one hand with the other while tensing both arms and raising the elbows slightly
If you are prone to fainting:
Get up slowly and carefully from lying down. Start by sitting up. Don't ever jump to a standing position.
Ask your doctor if you should be on a high-salt diet.
Cecil Textbook of Medicine
. 21st ed. WB Saunders Company; 2000.
Chen LY, Benditt DG, Shen WK. Management of syncope in adults: an update.
Mayo Clinic Proceedings.
Griffith's 5-Minute Clinical Consult
. Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins; 2001.
Miller TH, Kruse JE. Evaluation of syncope.
Am Fam Physician.
*¹2/6/2007 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
: Van Dijk N, Quartieri F, Blanc JJ, et al.
Effectiveness of physical counterpressure maneuvers in preventing vasovagal syncope: the Physical Counterpressure Manoeuvres Trial (PC-Trial).
J Am Coll Cardiol.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a