. It also increases levels of low density lipoprotein (LDL), or “bad” cholesterol. These high cholesterol levels increase a person’s risk for developing heart disease.
The liver removes LDL cholesterol from the blood. It does this by making receptors that attach to LDL cholesterol. With FH, there are problems with the receptors. There may be too few receptors, or they may not work as they should.
*mg/dl = milligrams per deciliter; mmol/L = millimole per liter
Once the diagnosis is made, you or your child will need life-long treatment. The main treatment goal is to lower cholesterol levels. This will reduce the risk of heart disease. The doctor may recommend that you or your child work with a lipid specialist.
Treatment for FH Inherited From One Parent
If you or your child has FH from one parent, treatment typically includes:
Exercise—Regular exercise may help to reduce cholesterol levels. Talk to the doctor before starting an exercise program.
Because FH is an inherited condition, diet and exercise will not be enough to lower high cholesterol levels. In most cases, cholesterol-lowering medicines called statins are prescribed for both children and adults. Statins may be able to reduce the risk of heart disease and death. In some cases, other cholesterol-lowering medicines are also prescribed, like ezetimibe.
Treatment for FH Inherited From Both Parents
If you or your child has inherited the gene mutation from both parents, treatment may also include:
Apheresis—a process that uses a special machine to filter LDL from the blood
Liver transplant—may be done in severe cases where the condition is getting worse and treatment has been unsuccessful
FH is an inherited condition. It cannot be prevented. The sooner treatment is started, the better the outcome.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a