A fat-restricted diet limits the amount of fat you can consume each day.
Why Should I Follow a Fat-Restricted Diet?
This diet may be prescribed for certain conditions that make it difficult for the body to digest fat, such as chronic
and gallbladder disease. Following a fat-restricted diet will minimize the unpleasant side effects of fat malabsorption, such as
, gas, and cramping.
Fat-Restricted Diet Basics
A fat-restricted diet typically limits fat intake to 50 grams per day. Fat contains nine calories per gram. So, if you need 2,000 calories per day, this means only about 22% of those calories can be from fat. The rest should be from carbohydrate or protein.
For most people, it is possible to meet all nutrient requirements on this diet. But, depending on how long you follow it and how much fat you can digest, a supplement may be recommended. Vitamins
are fat soluble, which means they need fat to be absorbed. Ask your doctor or a registered dietitian about supplementing with vitamins.
Eating Guide for a Fat-Restricted Diet
The following guide is broken down into categories based on the
recommendations for healthy eating. It is recommended that you work with a registered dietitian to determine how many servings of each category you should eat. Here are some general recommendations:
The base of your diet should be composed of grains, vegetables, and fruit. Strive to eat foods from these three categories at each meal.
Limit your intake of meat, fish, poultry, and eggs to 6 ounces per day.
Consume no more than 3 teaspoons of fat per day (eg, vegetable oils, butter, and margarine).
Enjoy low-fat or fat-free sweets or snack foods in moderation.
If you enjoy healthy fats (eg, nuts, olives, and avocados), ask your doctor or dietitian about how you can add these foods into your diet. Since these foods have a lot of fat, they need to be added to your day's intake of fat.
Foods to Avoid
Whole grain breads
Low-fat whole grain cereals
Pasta or noodles
Homemade pancakes or French toast made with minimal fat
Muffins, scones, coffee bread, doughnuts
Most pancakes and waffles
Fresh, frozen, or canned vegetables
Vegetables prepared with butter, oil, or sauce
Mashed potatoes made with butter, margarine, or cream
Fresh, frozen, canned, or dried fruits
Avocados, coconuts, and olives
Fruit prepared with butter, cream, or sauce
Fat-free (ie, nonfat, skim) milk
Low-fat or nonfat cheeses
Fat-free yogurt or kefir
Reduced fat (2%) or whole milk
Cream (whipped, heavy, sour, etc)
Whole milk yogurt
Meat and Beans
Chicken or turkey without the skin
Beans and legumes
Egg whites (limit whole eggs to 3 per week)
Fatty cuts of meat
Duck or goose
Sausage or hot dogs
Fish canned in oil
Nuts and peanut butter
Fat-free salad dressings
Nonstick cooking sprays
Vegetable oils in excess of allowed amount
Regular salad dressing
Fats and Sweets
Low-fat or fat-free ice cream or frozen yogurt
Sherbets or fruit ice
Angel food cake
Butter, margarine, lard, shortening in excess of allowed amount
Pastries, pie, cake, and cookies
Coffee drinks made with fat-free milk
Cocoa made with fat-free milk
Frappes, milk shakes
Soups made from a fat-free milk or broth base
Herbs and spices
Salt (in moderation)
Suggestions on Eating a Fat-Restricted Diet
Look for the following key phrases on food labels: low-fat, nonfat, and fat-free.
Choose foods that contain less than 3 grams of fat per serving. Be sure to eat only one serving.
Avoid fried and sautéed foods. Use low-fat cooking methods, such as baking, roasting, broiling, poaching, grilling, boiling, or steaming.
Select lean cuts of meat, such as loin and round. Trim visible fat before cooking.
Eat small frequent meals, rather than two or three large meals. This will make it easier for your body to digest any fat that you consume.
Work with a registered dietitian to come up with an individualized diet plan.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a