A femoral fracture is a break in the thigh bone, which is called the femur. The femur bone is also known as the thigh bone. It runs from the hip to the knee and is the longest and strongest bone in the body. It usually requires a great deal of force to break the femur.
Certain diseases that weaken bones, such as
Participation in certain contact sports, such as football
Immediate and severe pain
Swelling and bruising around the area of the break
Inability to walk and/or limited range of motion of the knee or hip
Deformity of the leg, such as shortening or abnormal twisting of the injured leg
The doctor will ask about your symptoms, physical activity, and how the injury occurred. The injured area will also be examined.
You may have
to look for a break in the bone.
Treatment will depend on the severity of the injury. Treatment involves:
Putting the pieces of the bone back in position, which may require
Keeping the pieces together while the bone heals
Devices that may be used to hold the bone in place while it heals include:
A cast (rarely used except in very young patients)
A metal plate with screws (requires surgery)
A rod down the middle of the bone (requires surgery)
Metal pins that cross the bone, with a frame on the outside of the leg that holds the pins and the fractured bone in place (requires either general or local anesthesia)
Your doctor will order additional x-rays while the bone heals. This is to ensure that the bones have not shifted position.
Once home, follow your doctor's
When your doctor decides you are ready, you'll start range-of-motion and strengthening exercises. You may be referred to a physical therapist to assist you. Do not return to sports until your leg is fully healed and your thigh muscle strength is back to normal.
A fractured femur is a serious injury that takes 3-6 months to heal.
To help prevent femur fractures:
Do not put yourself at risk for trauma to the femur.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a