Hyperlipidemia is a high level of fats in the blood. These fats, called lipids, include cholesterol and triglycerides. There are five types of hyperlipidemia. The type depends on which lipid in the blood is high.
Causes may include:
A family history of hyperlipidemia
A diet high in total fat, saturated fat, or cholesterol
This condition is diagnosed with blood tests. These tests measure the levels of lipids in the blood. The National Cholesterol Education Program advises that you have your lipids checked at least once every five years, starting at age 20. Also, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends lipid screening for children at risk (eg, a family history of
Testing may consist of a fasting blood test for:
LDL (bad cholesterol)
HDL (good cholesterol)
Your doctor may recommend more frequent or earlier testing if you have:
Family history of hyperlipidemia
Risk factor or disease that may cause hyperlipidemia
Complication that may result from hyperlipidemia
Diet, lifestyle changes, and medication can help treat hyperlipidemia.
. Talk to you doctor before starting an exercise program. You may already have hardening of the arteries or heart disease. These conditions increase your risk of having a heart attack while exercising.
There are a number of drugs available, such as
, to treat this condition. Talk to your doctor.
To help reduce your chance of getting hyperlipidemia, take the following steps:
Starting at age 20, get cholesterol tests.
Eat a diet low in total fat, saturated fat, and cholesterol.
If you smoke, quit.
Drink alcohol in moderation (two drinks per day for men, one drink per day for women).
*¹7/22/2008 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance
: Daniels SR, Greer FR; Committee on Nutrition. Lipid screening and cardiovascular health in childhood.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a