• Bruises, Contusion, Injuries, Joint Injuries, Ligament Injuries, Muscle Injuries, Sports Injuries, Sports and Fitness Support: Minor Sports Injuries, Sprains, Strains
This article addresses injuries such as bruises, minor fractures, and sprains. Other forms of minor injury such as
Unless you never leave your couch, you are likely to injure yourself sometime. Although minor injuries such as bruises and sprains will heal without treatment, they can be quite unpleasant.
Conventional treatment for minor sprains and strains involves anti-inflammatory drugs, icing, and, in some cases, physical therapy. Bruises are sometimes treated with ultrasound, although there is no meaningful evidence that it really helps.
Principal Proposed Natural Treatments
help you digest the proteins in food. Your pancreas produces the proteolytic enzymes trypsin and chymotrypsin, and others, such as papain and
Most studies involved proteolytic enzymes combined with
Three other small, double-blind studies, involving a total of about 80 athletes, found that treatment with proteolytic enzymes significantly speeded healing of bruises and other mild athletic injuries as compared to placebo.
Other Proposed Natural Treatments
Preliminary evidence from a somewhat poorly reported double-blind trial of 40 college football players suggests that a combination of
Another small placebo-controlled study suggests that an oral combination product containing
One study failed to find that onion extract can help reduce scarring in the skin.
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14. Hespel P, Eijnde BO, Van Leemputte M, et al. Oral creatine supplementation facilitates the rehabilitation of disuse atrophy and alters the expression of muscle myogenic factors in humans. J Physiol. 2001;536:625-633.
19. Kerkhoffs GM, Struijs PA, De Wit C, et al. A double blind, randomised, parallel group study on the efficacy and safety of treating acute lateral ankle sprain with oral hydrolytic enzymes. Br J Sports Med . 2004;38:431-435.
20. Brown SA, Coimbra M, Coberly DM, et al. Oral nutritional supplementation accelerates skin wound healing: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-arm, crossover study. Plast Reconstr Surg . 2004;114:237-244.
21. Koll R, Buhr M, Dieter R, et al. Efficacy and tolerance of a comfrey root extract (Extr. Rad. Symphyti) in the treatment of ankle distorsions: results of a multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study. Phytomedicine . 2004;11:470-477.
22. Tyler TF, Nicholas SJ, Hershman EB, et al. The effect of creatine supplementation on strength recovery after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. Am JSports Med . 2004;32:383-388.
23. Doetsch AM, Faber J, Lynnerup N, et al. The effect of calcium and vitamin D(3) supplementation on the healing of the proximal humerus fracture: a randomized placebo-controlled study. Calcif Tissue Int . 2004 May 27. [Epub ahead of print]
Last reviewed April 2009 by EBSCO CAM Review Board
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