Ketoacidosis occurs when a person’s blood sugar (glucose) is too high because there is not enough insulin. Instead, the body starts to burn fat for energy. Fat is broken down into acids causing acid levels to build up in the blood. These acids appear in urine and blood as ketones. Ketoacidosis is a serious condition that can lead to coma or death if not treated.
To help reduce your chances of getting ketoacidosis, take the following steps:
Take your diabetic medicines as recommended by your doctor.
Discuss with your doctor the level of ketones that are dangerous for you.
Monitor your ketone and blood sugar levels carefully.
If you use insulin, stock up on:
Needles and syringes
If you use an insulin pump, make sure you have extra infusion and connector sets as well as insulin syringes in case the pump does not work. The most common cause of hyperglycemia for a pump user is a problem with the tubing. This causes problems with insulin delivery.
See your doctor if you have infection, cough, sore throat, or pain when you urinate.
If you are sick or your blood sugar levels are greater than 250 mg per dL:
Check your blood sugar every 3-4 hours.
Test your urine for ketones every 4 hours.
If you are unable to eat, reduce your insulin dose. Talk with your doctor about the right dose.
Take extra insulin if your blood sugar is high. Talk with your doctor about the right dose.
Drink plenty of fluids (sugar-free and caffeine-free).
If your blood sugar is greater than 250 mg per dL, eat foods that are low in carbohydrates.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a