Rest—Avoid putting any pressure on your knee by not walking on that leg.
Ice—Apply ice or a cold pack to the knee for 15-20 minutes, four times a day for two days. This helps reduce pain and swelling. Wrap the ice or cold pack in a towel. Do not apply ice directly to your skin.
Compression—Wrap your knee in an
(eg, Ace bandage). This will limit swelling and provide some support for your knee. Be careful not to wrap the bandage too tight.
Elevation—Keep the injured knee raised above the level of your heart. Do this as much as possible for 24 hours or so. This will help drain fluid and reduce swelling. For severe sprains, you may need to do this for a couple of days.
Medication—Ask your doctor which pain medication you should use. Common ones include:
Brace—You may need to wear a brace. Your doctor may also recommend that you wear a brace when you return to sports.
Although, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that children do not use braces.
Leg cast—If you have a severe sprain, you may need to wear a short leg cast for 2-3 weeks.
Rehabilitation exercises—Ask your doctor about exercises to restore flexibility, range of motion, and strength.
Surgery—This may be needed if a ligament is torn completely.
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Najibi S, Albright JP. The use of knee braces, part 1: prophylactic knee braces in contact sports.
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Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a