There is no treatment that will cure gout, but there are steps to control symptoms and prevent complications.

General Guidelines for Managing Gout

Avoid Food High in Purines

Gout pain is caused by glass-like crystals of uric acid that build-up in your joints. Uric acid is a by-product of the breakdown of waste products called purines. Therefore, one of the main treatments for gout is to avoid foods and beverages that are high in purines. These include:

  • Organ meats, such as:
    • Liver
    • Kidney
    • Brain
    • Sweetbread
    • Heart
  • Fish roe
  • Mussels
  • Anchovies
  • Herring
  • Sardines
  • Legumes, such as:
    • Dried beans
    • Peas
    • Soybeans
  • Meat extracts
  • Consomm√©
  • Gravies
  • Mushrooms
  • Spinach
  • Asparagus
  • Cauliflower
  • Poultry
  • Alcoholic beverages, especially:
    • Beer and wine
    • Binge drinking of any type of alcoholic beverage

The severity of gout varies from person to person. Talk with your doctor about how strict your diet should be for your individual situation.

Drink Plenty of Fluids

Fluids help flush uric acid from the body, so drinking lots of fluids can help control and prevent the recurrence of gout attacks.

Lose Weight and Maintain an Appropriate Weight

Losing weight can help lower uric acid levels. If you are overweight, losing weight should help reduce your symptoms and prevent future gout attacks. However, do not go on a crash diet because this can make your gout worse. Consult your doctor for help designing a safe and effective weight loss program that includes:

When to Contact Your Doctor

You should contact your doctor if:

  • Your symptoms worsen or do not improve
  • You feel weak or ill or develop other problems after starting a weight loss and/or exercise program