Prescription Medications

Antibiotics

  • Azithromycin (Zithromax)—This antibiotic is the drug of choice for chamydial infections since it is effective just with a single dose. It should not be taken if you have liver disease. If you are elderly, hospitalized, or debilitaded, this medication should be used with caution. Possible side effects include:
    • Stomach pain
    • Rash
    • Vomiting
    • Diarrhea
    • Upset stomach
    • Itching
  • Clarithromycin (Biaxin)
  • Erythromycin (generic)
  • Doxycycline (Vibramycin)—This antibiotic is usually given for seven days. It is just as effective as a single dose of azithromycin, but much cheaper. It should not be taken if you have liver disease. If used during tooth development, this antibiotic can cause permanent discoloration. It should not be used in children (up to age 8 years) or in pregnancy. Possible side effects include:
    • Soreness in mouth
    • Diarrhea
    • Itching sensation in vagina or rectum
    • Headache
    • Rash
  • Ofloxacin (Floxin)—This antibiotic is an alternative drug for azithromycin or doxycycline, but is more expensive. It is not recommended in children, teenagers, or women who are pregnant or breastfeeding because of the potential of this drug to damage the joints. Possible side effects include:
    • Sleep disturbance
    • Diarrhea
    • Vomiting
    • Upset stomach
    • Rash
    • Itch
  • Levofloxacin (Levaquin)—This drug should not be taken if you are on the following drugs: ciprofloxacin (Cipro), enoxacin (Penetrex), ofloxacin (Floxin), norfloxacin (Noroxin), and lomefloxacin (Maxaquin). If you are a diabetic, you need to monitor your blood sugar more closely since this drug can make your blood sugar go up or go down. Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight since this drug makes your skin more sensitive to UV light. Possible side effects include: