A needle biopsy of the lung or pleura is done to remove a sample of lung or pleural tissue or fluid. Pleura is the lining of the lungs and chest wall. Once the tissue is removed, it will be examined in a lab.
Female Torso with Respiratory System and Ribcage, Anterior View
You may receive a mild sedative about an hour before the procedure. It will help you relax.
You may also have an injection of a local anesthetic. It will numb the area where the needle will be inserted.
Description of the Procedure
Your skin will be cleaned with an antiseptic solution. You will be in a seated position, leaning forward, with your arms resting on a table for support. You should remain as still as possible. An ultrasound or CT scan will be used to locate the exact spot to be biopsied.
A small cut will be made in your skin. Then, while you hold your breath, the biopsy needle will be inserted through the cut. The needle will be passed between your ribs until it reaches the lung or pleura. Your doctor then withdraws some cells through the biopsy needle. The needle will be withdrawn. Pressure will be put on the site of the incision. When the bleeding stops, a bandage will be applied.
How Long Will It Take?
Between 30-60 minutes
How Much Will It Hurt?
Before the procedure, when the local anesthetic is injected, you may feel a brief sting.
During the procedure, when the needle is inserted, you will probably feel some pressure. If you are having a lung biopsy, you will feel a quick, sharp pain when the needle touches your lung.
At the Care Center
You may rest for several hours after the procedure. A nurse will check on you and monitor your recovery.
A few hours after the procedure, a chest x-ray or other imaging technique may be done. This is done to make sure a lung has not collapsed and that there is no bleeding.
If there are no complications after four hours, you may go home.
When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
Rest at home for a day or two.
Avoid strenuous activities for one week.
You may remove the bandage after a day or two.
Be sure to follow your doctor's
Ask your doctor when to expect the results of the biopsy.
Call Your Doctor
After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
Signs of infection, including fever and chills
Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the incision site
Pain that you cannot control with the medicines you have been given
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a