Nicotine Replacement Therapy for Smoking Cessation During Pregnancy
Smoking at anytime is a harmful habit but during pregnancy it can affect the baby’s health as well. Smoking has been linked to slow fetal growth, an increased risk of
The National Institute of Public Health in Denmark reviewed the records of stillbirths. The results published in the British Journal of Gynecology indicated that although smoking was associated with an increased risk of stillbirths, nicotine replacement therapy was not.
About the Study
The cohort study reviewed 495 cases of stillbirths. A death was considered a stillbirth if the pregnancy was beyond 20 weeks. Out of all the cases, eight were from women that had used NRT. When compared to nonsmoking women that did not use NRT:
- NRT use was not associated with higher risk of stillbirths
- Women that smoked had an increased risk of stillbirth
- Women that smoked and used NRT had an increased risk but lower than that of smokers
How Does This Affect You?
Smoking is harmful to you and your baby. It is best to stop before becoming pregnant. If you are already pregnant, the sooner you stop the better the outcome. There are several options and support systems to help you
If you smoke, talk to your doctor about methods to help you quit. If you are already pregnant, talk to your doctor before starting a nicotine replacement therapy.
March of Dimes
Strandberg-Larsen K, Tinggaard M, Nybo Anderson AM, Olsen J, Gronbaek M. Use of nicotine replacement therapy during pregnancy and stillbirth: a cohort study. BJOG . 2008 Oct;115(11):1405-10. Epub 2008 Aug 20.
Last reviewed February 2009 by
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