A broken nose is caused by a blunt, hard blow to the nose. It often occurs along with injuries to other parts of the nose and face.
A risk factor is something that increases your chance of getting a disease, condition, or injury.
Risk factors for a nose fracture include:
Previous nose fracture or nose injury
Participating in sports (especially contact sports)
Reckless behavior during recreational activities or driving
Failure to wear a seatbelt (but airbags can also sometimes cause injury)
Symptoms of a broken nose include:
Pain in the nose or surrounding area of the face
Swelling of the nose or surrounding area of the face
Bleeding from the nose (often heavy)
Difficulty breathing through the nose or nostril
Discoloration of the nose
Crooked or misshapen appearance of the nose (may not appear until swelling subsides)
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and how the injury occurred, and will examine your nose and face for:
Irregularities in the shape
Movement of the bones of the nose and face
Rough sensation when your nose is moved
Pain or tenderness to touch
Injury to the nasal septum (especially hematoma)
Any fluid from the nose (such as blood or even cerebrospinal fluid in severe cases)
Tests may include:
of the nose—usually not necessary, but may be used to confirm the fracture and check its location and severity.
—usually not necessary, but may be used to confirm the fracture and check its location and severity.
Apply ice or a cold pack to your nose for 15 to 20 minutes, several times a day for several days. This helps reduce pain and swelling. Wrap the ice or cold pack in a towel. Do not apply the ice directly to your skin.
The following drugs help reduce inflammation and pain:
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a