Obesity and Specific Foods Linked With Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes is one of the leading cause of death and illness in the US.
Two studies out of the University of South Carolina looked for specific elements of diet, fitness, and obesity that may increase diabetes risk. The studies, published in Diabetes Care , found that specific foods, low fitness levels, and high body measurements were linked to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
About the Study
The first study was a
- Men in the lowest fitness levels (compared to men in the highest fitness levels)
- Men with BMI 30 or higher
- Men with body fat percentage of 25% or higher
The second study was part of the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study. It is a
- Red meat
- Low-fiber bread and cereal
- Dried beans
- Fried potatoes
- Cottage cheese
The risk was also higher in men that had a low intake of wine.
How Does This Affect You?
Cohort study design has some bias but is helpful when looking for associations. This can affect the validity of the results. However, both of these studies are supported by several other studies that indicate diet and activity choices play a significant role in the development of diabetes. Specific physical measurement of waist circumference, BMI, and body percentage also can determine if someone is at risk for diabetes.
Talk to your doctor about your risk factors. Work with your doctor, a dietitian, or a fitness specialist to help you adopt healthier lifestyle options.
American Diabetes Association
American Dietetic Association
Lee DC, Sui X, Church TS, Lee IM, Blair SN. Associations of cardiorespiratory fitness and obesity with risks of impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes in men. Diabetes Care . 2009 Feb;32(2):257-62. Epub 2008 Nov 4.
Liese AD, Weis KE, Schulz M, Tooze JA. Food intake patterns associated with incident type 2 diabetes: the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study. Diabetes Care . 2009 Feb;32(2):263-8. Epub 2008 Nov 25.
Last reviewed March 2009 by
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