When asked to respond to the needs and desires of others in work and social situations, individuals with passive-aggressive personality disorder appear to comply or act appropriately, but actually behave negatively and passively resist. This personality disorder is a chronic condition, meaning that it lasts throughout life.
A personality disorder is a set pattern or persistent way of behaving and acting that is usually rigid and inflexible. Individuals with personality disorders have a tendency to have a difficult time getting along with others. They are not able to respond properly when circumstances or situations change. This behavior is so persistent that it affects day-to-day functioning.
When a personality disorder such as this affects normal behavior, it is important to contact a medical professional and seek treatment.
The cause of this disorder is unknown. There may be environmental and genetic (or biological) factors that contribute to the development of the disorder. These factors are often considered to be involved in personality disorders.
There are no established risk factors for passive-aggressive personality disorder, however, genetics may play a role.
If you experience any of these symptoms, do not assume it is due to passive-aggressive personality disorder. These symptoms may be caused by other, less serious health conditions.
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, including mental health history. Then, the doctor will most likely refer you to a psychologist or psychiatrist.
To locate mental health services in your area, visit the National Institute of Mental Health’s “Locate Services” website at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/HealthInformation/GettingHelp.cfm .
There is no medication available for this disorder. If anxiety
Counseling can help the individual become aware of the problem and acknowledge the need to change.
American Psychological Association
National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health
National Mental Health Association
Canadian Psychiatric Association
Pearson Education Canada
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Passive-aggressive personality disorder. MedlinePlus. U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health website. Available at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000943.htm . Accessed July 7, 2005.
Personality disorders. National Mental Health Association website. Available at: http://www.nmha.org/infoctr/factsheets/91.cfm . Accessed July 7, 2005.
Powell, DR. Minding your mental health, Section II, Passive-aggressive behavior. Medical College of Georgia website. Available at: http://www.mcg.edu/students/mentalhealth/PAbehavior.htm . Accessed July 7, 2005.
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Last reviewed November 2008 by
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