The Permanent Section
The permanent section takes longer than a frozen section-usually a day or two. In this process, the tissue is treated by a series of chemical solutions that give a high-quality slide. The advantage of this process is that it is more accurate and allows the pathologist to make a more correct diagnosis. Permanent sections are always performed, even if a frozen section is done too.
If your lump is cancer, estrogen and progesterone receptor assay tests may be performed. These tests will determine if hormone treatment may benefit you.
Other diagnostic procedures may be performed including special blood tests, additional x-rays, radioisotope scans, and/or computerized body scans.
There are two basic options for having a biopsy: the one-step and the two-step procedures.