Placental abruption occurs when the placenta separates from the uterus before the fetus is delivered. The placenta is the organ that provides nourishment for the fetus while it is still in the uterus. In a healthy pregnancy, the placenta remains attached to the uterine wall until after the fetus is delivered.
Some form of the condition affects about one in every 150 births. In very severe forms, placental abruption can cause death to the fetus. This occurs in approximately one in every 500-750 deliveries. Death of the mother from placental abruption is very rare. Infants who survive a birth with the condition have a 40%-50% chance of experiencing complications.
during pregnancy (more than 14 drinks per week during the pregnancy)
(In early stages, no symptoms may be present)
Soreness in the uterus
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history, and perform a physical exam.
Tests may include the following:
—a test that uses sound waves to examine the abdomen
Prothrombin time test—tests time it takes for the plasma in the blood to clot
Partial thromboplastin time test—tests time it takes for the blood to clot
Fibrinogen test—tests blood levels of a protein that helps blood to clot
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include:
Fluids may be administered intravenously to replace lost fluids. Blood transfusions may also be given to replace lost blood supply.
The mother and fetus will be carefully monitored for signs of distress or
, including abnormal heart rates.
Emergency Cesarean Delivery
If danger exists for mother or fetus, an emergency
may be performed. If both the mother and fetus are at low risk of complications and the fetus is full-term, the mother may deliver vaginally.
To help reduce your chance of getting placental abruption, take the following steps:
Avoid drugs (especially cocaine), alcohol, and smoking during pregnancy.
Receive proper and regular prenatal care throughout the pregnancy.
Promptly treat conditions in the mother, including diabetes and high blood pressure.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a