The presacral space is the area between the rectum and lowest part of your spine (sacrum). A tumor is a growth in this area. It is rare but can be malignant (cancer).
A presacral tumor may be caused by:
- Congenital factors (present from birth)
- Hereditary disorders (eg, Currarino syndrome)
- Other forms of cancer that have spread
If you have any of these, do not assume it is due to a presacral tumor. These symptoms may be caused by other conditions. Talk to your doctor if you have:
- Pain in the lower back or rectal/pelvic area
- A feeling of heaviness
- Overflow incontinence
- Weight loss
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will also be done with a digital rectal exam. Other tests may include:
Talk with your doctor about the best plan for you. This will depend on the type of tumor you have. Treatment options include:
- Surgery to remove the tumor
America Cancer Society
American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons
Canadian Cancer Society
Colorectal Cancer Association of Canada
Coco C, Manno A, Mattana C, et al. Congenital tumors of the retrorectal space in the adult: report of two cases and review of the literature. Tumori. 2009;94: 602-607.
LaRusso L. Colon cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated December 14, 2009. Accessed February 8, 2010.
Pappalardo G, Frattaroli FM, Casciani E, et al. Retrorectal tumors: the choice of surgical approach based on a new classification. American Surgeon. 2009;75;3:240-248.
Last reviewed February 2010 by
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