Reducing Your Risk of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) and Angina
Lose Excess Weight
Excess weight puts a strain on the heart muscle, which eventually can lead to angina and CAD. If you are overweight or
Limit Alcohol Intake
Alcohol should be limited to no more then 1 to 2 ounces a day. In this quantity, alcohol may have a beneficial effect on raising your good cholesterol (HDL).
Limit Fat and Cholesterol
Diets that are high in saturated fat,
fat, and cholesterol increase your risk of CAD. Saturated fat and cholesterol are found in animal products, most dairy products (such as milk, cream, and cheese), lard, and palm and coconut oils, among other foods.
fat is found in margarine and vegetable shortening, as well as foods containing these products. A registered dietitian can help you reduce saturated fats and cholesterol in your diet.
Good dietary choices include fresh fruits and vegetable, as well as lean meats and fish—particularly fish rich in
Talk to Your Doctor About Taking Medicine
Taking a low-dose
Another option is to take statin drugs. Statins are used to treat
Control Blood Glucose Levels If You have Diabetes
People who have
Maintain Normal Blood Pressure
For people who have not yet developed CAD, regular aerobic exercise, such as brisk walking or using a stationary bike or treadmill, is recommended.
Learn to Conquer Stress
Emotional stress may bring on anginal pain. Think about what you can do in your life to cut down on stressful activities and situations. Consider learning meditation, progressive relaxation, or other
When to Contact Your Doctor
There are some common warning signs that may signal angina and CAD. Contact your healthcare provider if you notice any of these symptoms:
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath out of proportion to exercise or exertion
- Increased fatigue
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Last reviewed July 2010 by
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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