Reducing Your Risk of Prostate Cancer
A risk factor increases your chances of developing cancer. Modifying the following risk factors may help reduce your risk of prostate cancer.
Be Screened Regularly
Since prostate cancer rarely produces symptoms in its early stages, the best way to detect it is through routine visits to your doctor for a digital rectal exam and PSA test. To learn about the rectal exam and PSA test,
You should be aware, however, that not all doctors recommend the PSA test as a screening test in men without symptoms, or they may only recommend it for patients in a certain age range. You should discuss the pros and cons of this test with your doctor.
Be Conscious of How You Eat
A number of observational studies have suggested associations between certain dietary factors and the risk of prostate cancer. The following dietary tips may decrease your risk of prostate cancer:
Avoid a Diet High in Animal Fat
Studies suggest that you may be able to lower your cancer risk by decreasing your dietary intake of saturated fats, which are found in red meat, butter, lard, and full-fat dairy products.
For more information on eating a diet low in saturated fat, click here .
Eat Tomatoes and Tomato Products
Eating foods rich in lycopene seems to lower a man’s risk of prostate cancer. Lycopene is a phytochemical that is found in certain fruits and vegetables like tomatoes and grapefruits. Lycopene is more readily absorbed from foods that have been processed, such as tomato sauce and ketchup.
Increase Your Intake of Selenium
Intake of the mineral selenium may reduce prostate cancer risk as well. Foods containing selenium include seafood, such as tuna, oysters, shrimp, and salmon, as well as Brazil nuts, liver, pork, and turkey.
Increase Your Intake of Soy
Some studies show that increasing your intake of soy can be protective against prostate cancer. Forms of soy include soybeans, tofu, soy milk, tempeh, soy flour, and textured vegetable protein. There are now many products made from soy to choose from.
Exercising regularly may reduce your risk of prostate cancer. Choose exercises you enjoy and make them a regular part of your day. Strive to maintain an exercise program that keeps you fit and at a healthful weight. For many people, this includes walking or participating in another aerobic activity for 30 minutes per day. Check with your doctor before starting any exercise program.
For more information on starting a regular exercise program,
American Cancer Society
National Cancer Institute
Last reviewed February 2003 by
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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