A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.
It is possible to develop ESRD with or without the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing ESRD. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your doctor what you can do to reduce your risk.
Risk factors for ESRD include the following:
Age—Risk of ESRD increases with age
Gender—Men are more likely than women to develop ESRD
Race—African-Americans have higher rates of ESRD than people of other races
Education—People with lower educational attainment have a higher risk of developing ESRD
Weight—Overweight individuals, with higher body mass indices, have a higher risk of ESRD
Proteinuria—History of protein in the urine is a risk factor for ESRD
Low hemoglobin —Individuals with a history of low hemoglobin have a higher risk of ESRD
Nocturia—Individuals who frequently have to get up at night to urinate have a greater chance of ESRD
Hyperuricemia—Higher blood uric acid levels increase risk of ESRD
Genetics—Genetic factors have been identified, which either increase the risk of developing chronic renal failure or hasten the progression of this disease.
Smoking—Smoking has been linked to the progression of renal disease among diabetic and hypertensive patients.
Hyperlipidemia—Various lipid disorders are associated with the development of and progression to chronic renal failure.
Recreational drugs—Opiates and cocaine have been linked to an increased risk for end-stage renal disease.
Diabetes—Diabetes is the biggest risk factor for developing ESRD; one-third of the people who develop ESRD have diabetes.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a