Rosacea is a skin disorder. It causes chronic redness of the face. It can also cause swelling, tiny pimples, and the appearance of broken blood vessels. Rosacea usually affects the cheeks, forehead, chin, and nose. The ears, chest, and back may also be affected. More than half of people with rosacea also have mild eye symptoms. This may include redness, burning, and watering. This is known as ocular rosacea.
The cause of rosacea is unknown. Several theories exist. Factors that can cause flushing or blushing may trigger flare-ups in people with rosacea.
These factors include:
Very hot or spicy foods
Extreme temperatures (very hot or very cold)
Emotional stress or social embarrassment
Rubbing, scrubbing, or massaging the face
Irritating cosmetics and other toiletries
Factors that increase your risk for rosacea include:
Age: between 30 and 60 years old
Having family members who have rosacea
The symptoms of rosacea vary from person to person. They include:
Frequent flushing on the face and neck
Redness and swelling on the face
Small pink bumps and/or pimples
Thin red lines showing the small blood vessels of the face
Redness, burning, dryness, and tearing of the eyes
An enlarged, bulbous red nose (less common, affecting men more than women)
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your skin will also be examined. You may be referred to a doctor who specializes in skin disorders. This type of doctor is called a dermatologist. Do not try to diagnose or treat yourself. Certain over-the-counter medications could make your condition worse.
Rosacea generally can't be cured. It can be controlled. There are several ways to manage rosacea. Your doctor may recommend more than one, depending on your condition.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a