Screening for Chlamydia
The purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment. Screening tests are usually administered to people without current symptoms, but who may be at high risk for certain diseases or conditions.
Screening for chlamydia is done only for sexually transmitted forms and is especially important for pregnant women to prevent neonatal infections.
Anyone is able to contract chlamydia after unprotected sexual contact with someone who is infected. All pregnant women and anyone with any
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Preventive Services Task Force have issued recommendations for chlamydia screening. The CDC recommends yearly testing for:
- Sexually active women age 25 or younger
- Older women with risk factors for chlamydial infections (eg, those who have a new sex partner or multiple sex partners)
- All pregnant women
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening of sexually active women 24 years of age and younger and pregnant women over 24 who are at high risk. The Task Force concluded that there was not enough evidence to support screening for men, and made no recommendation for or against screening low risk pregnant women.
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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Male Chlamydia screening consultation. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/ChlamydiaScreening-males.pdf. Published March 2006. Accessed July 27, 2010.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually transmitted diseases: chlamydia. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/default.htm . Accessed September 18, 2008.
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National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Chlamydia. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases website. Available at: http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/topics/chlamydia/ . Accessed September 18, 2008.
National Women's Health Organization. Chlamydia. National Women's Health Organization website. Available at: http://www.4women.gov/faq/stdchlam.htm . Updated May 2005. Accessed September 18, 2008.
US Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for chalmydial infection. Annals of Internal Medicine. 2007:147;128-134.
Last reviewed September 2010 by
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