These risk factors increase your chance of developing lupus. Tell your doctor if you have any of these risk factors:
Sex: female to male ratio: 10:1
Age: childbearing age (20-45 years)
Race: African American, Native American, Asian, and Hispanic
Symptoms can be mild or very severe. For some people, only part of the body (eg, skin) is affected. For others, many parts are affected. Though symptoms can be chronic, they can flare up and get better on and off.
Swollen and/or painful joints
Skin rashes over areas exposed to sunlight (especially on the nose and cheeks)
Inflamed heart, heart vessels, or membrane surrounding the heart
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical and family history, and perform a physical exam. The diagnosis is based on symptoms, especially for young women. No single test can determine if you have lupus. But, a number of blood tests for specific antibodies can confirm diagnosis.
Treatment depends on symptoms.
Medicines for mild symptoms:
or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)—to relieve joint pain
Sherer Y, Gorstein A, Fritzler MJ, Shoenfeld Y. Auto-antibody explosion in systemic lupus erythematosus: more than 100 different antibodies found in SLE patients.
Semin Arthritis Rheum
Smolen JS. Therapy of systemic lupus erythematosus: a look into the future.
12/4/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance: Hartkamp A, Geenen R, Godaert GL, Bijl M, Bijlsma JW, Derksen RH. Effects of dehydroepiandrosterone on fatigue and well-being in women with quiescent systemic lupus erythematosus. A randomized controlled trial. Ann Rheum Dis. 2009 Oct 22. [Epub ahead of print]
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a