Temporal arteritis is a condition of inflammation of the arteries. It affects the head, neck, upper body, and arms. The temporal artery is most often affected. It runs over the temple, to the outside of the eye. In extreme or untreated cases, this condition can lead to blindness or strokes. Two other terms often associated with this condition include:
Giant cell arteritis (GCA)—another name for temporal arteritis
Vasculitis—a general term for swelling or inflammation of blood vessels
—removal of a sample of the temporal artery for testing
Ultrasound of the temporal artery
Treatment may include:
This therapy is used to decrease the swelling and inflammation. It will also help decrease the risk of blindness. At first, high doses of
are often given. The doses are then tapered off. Therapy is often continued for several years.
Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation
Long-term use of corticosteroids has some harmful side effects. This may include:
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Smetana GW, Shmerling RH. Does this patient have temporal arteritis?.
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care
provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a
substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER
IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the
advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to
starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a