Treatment for chlamydia may involve the following:

Lifestyle changes

For chlamydial STD, it is important that you and your partner both be treated before you have sex again. All of the medicine must be taken as directed; this is critical to curing your infection. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control has endorsed a form of partner-treating known as “expedited partner therapy (EPT).” If your state and doctor support EPT, you may be given a prescription to give to your partner. They can then be treated without needing to seek medical attention. Where it is allowed, EPT can help reduce the spread of chlamydia.

If you still have symptoms after the medicine is finished, you may need to be tested again. Even if your symptoms disappear, you are encouraged to return after treatment to be retested. It is possible for you to develop drug resistance or reactions, have re-infection, or for the infection to spread to other organs.

As it is standard practice to test for multiple STDs when identifying one, it is also standard practice to treat for chlamydia when gonorrhea is identified. The likelihood of both being present is high.

The scarring from pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) may require surgery to restore fertility or remove chronically infected tissue. The scarring caused by trachoma may require eyelid surgery or corneal transplant .

Reiter’s syndrome does not respond completely to antibiotics because the disease is an immune reaction to the infection. Treatment resembles that for rheumatoid arthritis .