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Despite the extreme discomfort migraines give, it is possible to obtain symptomatic relief at least to some extent. Here are a few tips at what can be done should you be in the grips of a migraine attack. However, it is important to keep in mind that the priority is get a medical help and consultation at the earliest. The tips below are to serve only till you are able to see a doctor.
• Excruciating pain
Pain may be tackled with NSAID (Non-Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs) ibrufen, naproxen, diclofenac sodium, etc. It may also be managed by analgesics such as paracetamols, aspirins etc. However, it is recommended that you take any one of them as per the dosage and instructions on the label after a light meal of complex carbohydrates or some non-acidic foods. It is important that painkillers be taken at the first signs of migraine. Putting an ice pack on the painful area also helps. (1)
Nausea may be tackled with taking of anti-emetic along with the analgesic in the prescribed dosage. It is also important to not stay on an empty stomach for long durations. A light snack taken frequently helps in stubbing the queasiness and helps by utilising the excessive bile migraineurs release during attack episodes.
• Visual Aura
The best way to manage a visual aura is to stop or put down what you are doing and stand until you can get to a place where you can sit or lay down. It is dangerous to operate any machinery or drive at such times. Breathing in deeply and fully massaging the temples with a balm may aid temporarily.
• Light and sound sensitivity
Going to a dark room or one with curtains drawn and lights turned off helps. Wearing dark glasses helps when outdoors. Noise disturbances may be managed with an earplug or by putting cotton wool in the ears to keep out or dull the surrounding noises.
Constipation may be helped by taking tepid fluids such as warm milk or ginger tea or warm water etc. It is also advisable to have allergy-free natural laxatives like flaxseeds and a high fiber diet including wholegrain cereals if you are gluten tolerant.